Bleeding Gums – Causes and Treatment

Does your bathroom sink get a few drops of blood every time you brush your teeth?

Or worse every time you touch them they start bleeding.

Don’t worry you’re not alone. The Irish Dental Association reported that 80% of the Irish adult population have some form of gum disease. https://www.dentist.ie/latest-news/new-dental-health-survey-shows-80-of-irish-adults-believe-their-gums-are-healthy-however-80-of-irish-people-have-some-form-of-gum-disease.6504.html

Now you may be reading this and thinking that bleeding gums aren’t that bad as you’re not experiencing very much pain. However bleeding gums is a sign of gum disease, which can progress painlessly and can lead to much more severe conditions. So in order to prevent those from happening I’ve written this blog post to educate you on the appropriate treatment for bleeding gums.

To begin let’s have a look at the causes:

Bleeding gums: The Causes

All bleeding gums and gum disease for that matter are caused by plaque. Plaque is basically bacteria that lodges itself between the teeth and the gums. Many of the bacteria within plaque are completely harmless but some cause gum disease and others decay.

Here are some images to illustrate how plaque causes bleeding gums.

How plaque sets out to ruin your gums

Stage 1 – Plaqueless

So first here is your average healthy gum and tooth. Don’t they look nice together?

Stage 2 – Plaque attack

The bacteria (plaque) sticks between the side of the tooth and the gum. It attacks the gum causing it to swell up turn red and bleed easier, this is called gingivitis.

Stage 3 (6 months)

The bacteria attack the connection between the gum and the root of the tooth. Then it breaks this connection down and you get a gap between the gum and the root this is what we call a pocket.

Stage 4

The bacteria release these toxins that attack the bone causing it to be eaten away so the pocket gets deeper and there is less bone holding the tooth in place.

Stage 5

The pocket gets deeper, the gum recedes and the tooth starts to become loose and possibly painful.

Stage 6

The tooth becomes so loose or painful it can fall out or need to be extracted.

 

Treating bleeding gums

  • Book an appointment with a dentist:

As each case of bleeding gums is different it is best advised to consult a dentist as soon as bleeding gums arise.

For example what we will do for you here at Duggan Dentist:

  • We will give your teeth a thorough exam and cleaning
  • Then we will show you how to remove plaque successfully yourself
  • Possibly an X-ray to assess the amount of damage to the bone
  • Help you control the disease, show you how to keep it under control and then prevent it from progressing again.

Prevention

“An ounce of prevention is worth a stone in cure.”

To prevent gum disease all you need to do is make sure that you remove all of the plaque from your teeth every day. I’ve set out three levels of dental care that should ensure this, so you can choose your level of commitment.

Toothbrush with toothpaste

Amateur

  • Brushes once a day, just before bed.
  • Hasn’t been to the dentist in a while

Semi-pro

  • Brushes twice a day – in the morning and before bed.
  • Uses dental floss
  • Gets a dental check once a year.

Pro

  • Brushes twice a day – in the morning and before bed.
  • Uses dental floss once a day
  • Gets a Dental check-up every six months

To fully control your gum disease/bad breath then you should aim to become a pro.

The importance of treating bleeding gums early.

If bleeding gums are left untreated then they can lead to much more serious conditions. Such as:

  • Loose and painful teeth
  • Tooth loss
  • Untreated gum disease has even been associated with heart disease.

The good news is that early regular treatment can help prevent all of the above. But remember that the longer treatment is left the more expensive and harder it is to treat.

Can I get bleeding gums again?

Yes you can. Bleeding gums otherwise known as periodontal disease is never cured. But as long as you keep up the care you can prevent further loss of bone and keep it under control.

Take the first step to treating those bleeding gums by booking an appointment:

01 834 1140

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